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Keberadaan sungai bagi masyarakat yang tinggal di pedalamanÂ sama pentingnya dengan keberadaan pantai bagi masyarakat pesisir. Salah satu masyarakat yang kehidupannya berkaitan dengan sungai adalah Ngaju, yang bertempat tinggal di Sungai Barito, Sungai Kapuas, dan Sungai Kahayan. Penelitian ini akan membahas kehidupan masyarakat Ngaju yang tinggal di tepian Sungai Kahayan dan anak sungainya. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mendapatkan gambaran perubahan kehidupan mereka di bagian hulu Sungai Kahayan, dari abad ke-4 Masehi hingga abad ke-19 Masehi. Tulisan ini bersifat deskriptif dengan penalaran induktif, dan menggunakan teori revolusi urban. Data arkeologi dan etnografi mencerminkan perkembang luasan dan lokasi pemukiman yang berada pada tataran kedua revolusi urban.
The presence of rivers for people living in the interior is as important as the presence of beaches for coastal communities. The Ngaju live along the Barito, Kapuas, and Kahayan rivers. This study discusses the life of Ngaju people on the banks of the Kahayan River and its tributaries, with the objective to understand the development of living from the 4th to 19 th centuries AD. This investigation uses descriptive-inductive approach which based on a theory of urban revolution.This data are from archaeology and ethnography, and reflect developments in settlement size and location which correspond to the second stage of an urban revolution.
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