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pemeluknya. Aliran ini pernah berkembang di Nusantara dan sisa-sisa arca yang dipuja masih ditemukan di beberapa situs
di Indonesia. Aliran Tantrayana juga berkembang di situs Bumiayu. Selanjutnya, permasalahan yang muncul adalah
bagaimana penggambaran arca Tantrayana yang ada di Bumiayu. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui jenis dan
ciri arca Tantrayana di situs Bumiayu, dan hubungannya dengan arca Tantrayana lainnya di Pulau Sumatera (Padang
Lawas dan Sungai Langsat). Metode yang dipakai dalam penelitian ini adalah kualitatif yang bersifat deskriptif dengan
penalaran induktif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa awal perkembangan agama Hindu di Bumiayu berkisar pada abad
ke-9 Masehi, yang selanjutnya mendapat pengaruh aliran Tantrayana. Arca dengan aliran Tantrayana digambarkan dalam
bentuk menyeramkan dan memiliki hiasan tengkorak. Umat Hindu melakukan upacara Tantrayana dengan tujuan untuk
melindungi daerah Bumiayu dari serangan Raja Kertanegara yang melakukan ekspedisi Pamalayu ke Sumatera pada tahun
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