TINGGALAN ARKEOLOGI ISLAM SEBAGAI BAGIAN PERKEMBANGAN SEJARAH BUDAYA DI KALIMANTAN
AbstractAbstrak. Tulisan ini mendeskripsikan beragam penelitian arkeologi dari masa pengaruh kebudayaan Islam yang
telah dilakukan oleh Balai Arkeologi Banjarmasin di empat provinsi di Pulau Kalimantan sejak 1993. Penelitianpenelitian
tersebut dilakukan dengan teknik survei berdasarkan tema kajian seperti arsitektur kuna, tata kota kuna,
dan sejarah kebudayaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peninggalan arkeologi masa Islam bervariasi, yaitu
peninggalan bendawi dan non-bendawi. Peninggalan arkeologi bendawi terdiri atas peninggalan bersifat bangunan,
struktur, situs, kawasan, dan artefaktual. Rentang periodisasi peninggalan arkeologi tersebut berasal dari abad ke-
15 sampai dengan ke-19 Masehi; peninggalan tertua berupa makam-makam abad ke-15 yang berada di Kabupaten
Ketapang. Berdasarkan lokasi geografisnya, peninggalan-peninggalan monumental ataupun situs ditemukan pada
kawasan pantai, daerah aliran sungai, dan perbukitan.
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