PERMAKAMAN BELANDA PENELEH SURABAYA: ARTI KHUSUS DAN POTENSINYA SEBAGAI PUSAT PEMBELAJARAN DAN REKREASI [PENELEH DUTCH CEMETERY IN SURABAYA: ITS SIGNIFICANCE AND POTENTIAL AS A LEARNING AND RECREATION CENTRE]
The Important Value of Surabaya Peneleh Dutch Cemetery
Penelitian ini membahas arti khusus yang terdapat pada permakaman Belanda Peneleh di Kota Surabaya. Permakaman Belanda Peneleh dipilih sebagai objek penelitian karena permakaman tersebut memiliki makam dan prasasti lama dengan berbagai bentuk dan usia yang relatif utuh. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui arti khusus yang terdapat pada permakaman Belanda Peneleh. Berdasarkan arti khusus yang terdapat pada makam Belanda Peneleh dapat dipahami cara kita menjaga, melindungi dan mengembangkannya. Data tentang nilai penting diperoleh dari hasil pengamatan lapangan dan studi pustaka, baik tentang kompleks makam maupun yang berkaitan dengan kota Surabaya kuno serta tentang perkembangan agama di Surabaya. Data dianalisis lalu diintepretasi untuk mengetahui arti khusus dari permakaman Belanda Peneleh. Data nisan yang bisa dibaca dianalisis tentang bahannya, kondisi kerusakan, isi inskripsi yang ada, serta hiasan yang digunakan. Data tersebut dikorelasikan dengan data sejarah yang diperoleh dari kajian pustaka. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa permakaman Belanda Peneleh memiliki arti khusus sejarah, ilmu pengetahuan, agama, dan kebudayaan yang dapat digunakan sebagai bahan pembelajaran untuk masyarakat. Dengan adanya penelitian ini, diharapkan bahwa permakaman Belanda Peneleh dapat dimanfaatkan untuk kepentingan pendidikan yang dapat diakses semua kalangan dan memberi pemahaman mengenai sejarah, masyarakat, dan budaya orang-orang Belanda di Indonesia, serta relevansinya pada masa sekarang.
This study discusses the significance of the Peneleh Dutch Cemetery in Surabaya. The Peneleh Dutch Cemetery was chosen as the object of research due to the feature of old tombs and inscriptions, in various shapes and ages, that are relatively complete. The purpose of this study was to determine the special meaning of the Peneleh Dutch Cemetery. The significance of the Peneleh Dutch Cemetery may enlighten on the means to protect and develop it. Data on the importance of value were obtained from field observations and literature studies, both about the tomb complex and those related to the ancient city of Surabaya as well as about the development of religion in Surabaya. The data were analyzed and then interpreted to find out the special meaning of the Peneleh Dutch Cemetery. The legible data of the headstones were analyzed with regard to the material, the condition of damage, the content of the inscriptions, and the decorations. The data were compared to historical data extracted from literature reviews. Analysis results suggest the Peneleh Dutch Cemetery has special historical, scientific, religious, and cultural meanings that can be used as learning materials for the community. It is hoped that the Dutch Cemetery can be used for educational purposes that can be accessed by all groups and provide an understanding of the history, society and culture of the Dutch people in Indonesia and their relevance today.
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